Archibald Joseph Cronin (19 July 1896 – 6 January 1981) was a Scottish physician and novelist. His best-known novel The Citadel (1937) tells of a Scottish doctor in a Welsh mining village, who shoots up the career ladder in London. Cronin had seen the venues as a medical inspector of mines and later as a doctor in Harley Street. The book promoted still controversial ideas on medical ethics and helped to inspire the National Health Service. Another popular mining novel of his, set in the North East of England, is The Stars Look Down. Both have been filmed, as have Hatter's Castle, The Keys of the Kingdom and The Green Years. His novella Country Doctor became a long-running BBC radio and TV series, Dr. Finlay's Casebook, revived many years later.
Cronin was born in Cardross, Dunbartonshire, Scotland, the only child of a Presbyterian mother,…Read more on Wikipedia